Zocor is a commercial name for simvastatin, a synthetic lipid-lowering agent used to treat high levels of cholesterol in heart disease and type II diabetes patients. Zocor is mainly administered for adults. Zocor is not available OTC.
Simvastatin, the main component in Zocor, is a synthetic hypolipidemic (lipid lowering) agent derived from a fermentation product of the fungus Aspergillus terreus. Simvastatin causes dyslipidemia, a drop in the level of lipids in the form of cholesterol found in the blood. Simvastatin does so by inhibiting an enzyme called HMG-CoA reductase that contributes to the development of the dreaded cholesterol within the bloodstream. High amounts of low-density lipoprotein (“bad cholesterol”) makes people more likely to develop life-threatening illnesses like strokes, type II diabetes and other issues pertaining to the heart.
Zocor is prescribed to treat conditions caused by atherosclerosis, the excessive formation of fatty plaque inside arteries. Atherosclerosis, when untreated, can lead to heart attack, stroke and other complications of the heart. Clinical studies have shown that simvastatin is significantly effective in reducing mortality rates for patients already suffering from or are at risk for cardiovascular disease.
Simvastatin is included in the List of Most Essential Medicines compiled by the World Health Organization. Medicines on this list are considered essential in a basic health care system.
Zocor is available as tablets containing 5 mg, 10 mg, 20 mg, 40 mg or 80 mg doses of simvastatin. Inactive ingredients in Zocor include hydroxypropyl cellulose, starch, citric acid, ascorbic acid, iron oxides, magnesium stearate, hypromellose, microcrystalline cellulose, talc, lactose, titanium dioxide and butylated hydroxyanisole.
Dosage of Zocor will vary as per based on a number of factors such as age and how bad the condition. The dosage given by the doctor should be accurately followed.
Initial dosage may vary from 5 mg to 40 mg per day. The recommended starting dose is 10 mg or 20 mg a day, prescribed simultaneously with a healthy eating plan. The usual maximum dose is 40 mg per day.
Zocor tablets must be taken once a day, usually in the evening. It’s highly recommended to take Zocor same time each day.
Zocor dosage should be followed regularly for the drug to be effective.
Zocor should be not stopped abruptly. The dosage should be gradually decreased in case the patient needs to stop taking the medication.
Warnings and Precautions
Avoiding consuming Zocor if intolerant to any of the active or inactive ingredients in the medicine.
Zocor should be avoid If the person is (or attempting to become) pregnant as the drug can potentially cause defects in infants. Zocor is not safe for use while breastfeeding.
Zocor is not advised if the individual has any form of liver disease. Patients with liver problems should discuss the risk versus benefits of taking Zocor with a physician.
Zocor may cause a negative reaction with antihypertensive amlodipine, amiodarone and certain calcium channel blockers, especially when taken in higher doses.
Zocor and simvastatin could cause a number of side effects including:
Forgetfulness, confusion or memory problems
There are plenty more side effects that could occur.
Consult a physician right away depending on the length and/or severity of the side effect(s).