Topamax is a seizure medication that mainly used to treat epileptic fits and migraines. It is important to note that this medication can only prevent migraine headaches and not cure the disease. This medication is also known as topiramate amongst medical professionals.
How It Works
Since Topamax is an antiepileptic drug, it works by affecting the brain chemicals and the nervous system of the body. Most seizures are caused due to abnormal behavior in the nervous system. Thus, this medication alleviates seizures by taking better control over the actions of the nervous system.
Topamax is mainly used to treat seizures and convulsions. The medication is also capable of reducing the occurrence of migraine headaches. Although the drug can help an individual during a seizure, it cannot do so during a migraine attack. Topamax can only prevent and reduce the possibility of migraine attacks. Thus, do not take this medication while a migraine occurs.
This medication is usually taken twice a day. However, your physician might prescribe you a different dosage to suit your personal health state. You can take Topamax with or without food. Do not chew or bite the drug since it can leave a bitter taste in your mouth. So, make sure to swallow it whole with lots of water. Unless your physician says otherwise, make sure to drink a lot of water and liquids along with this medication in order to prevent the occurrence of kidney stones.
Your healthcare provider might ask you to start with a low dose, possibly a tablet during the night, in order to reduce the risk of side effects. Do not change the prescription without informing your physician first. In order to experience the full benefits, you will have to consume this medication regularly. So, do not skip the medication unnecessarily.
You might or might not experience the following symptoms during the treatment process:
Enhanced level of ammonia in the blood
Enhanced level of acid in the blood
Changes in the sense of taste
Make sure to contact your physician immediately in case you experience any of the above during the course of the treatment.
Adhering to the following precautionary methods can help you to avoid being affected by the side effects of this medication.
Do not consume alcohol during the treatment process since it can increase seizures.
Consume plenty of fluids and water in order to avoid dehydration and a subsequent heat stroke.
Avoid a high fat diet since it can lead to kidney problems.
Do not drive or operate machinery after taking a dose since the medication can impair your vision.
Do not get involved in activities such as hiking or swimming since you might experience an unexpected seizure anytime.
Do not consume this medication during the period of pregnancy or breastfeeding since it can harm your baby. In case of an unexpected pregnancy, make sure to inform your physician immediately.
You must not increase the dosage of Topamax in order to enhance the effectiveness of the treatment. This will only increase the risk of side effects or can even lead to an overdose.