Dilantin is a drug that treats seizures. Its main component is phenytoin sodium. It belongs to a family of drugs that are called anticonvulsants.
Dilantin is used to manage seizures that affect certain individuals. This medication functions by decreasing the speed of the impulses that take place in the brain. This helps to control the seizures. Dilantin is effective only for certain types of seizures. It cannot help with all types of seizures. In certain instances, this medication can be used to regulate the heart rate of people with erratic heartbeats.
Contact your doctor to find out if this medication may have other benefits for you.
You should always follow the prescription that was given to you by your physician. You should not take Dilantin in doses that are smaller or larger than instructed.
This medication is to be consumed orally.
For children with seizures, the total recommended dosage for this medication is 5 mg per kg of body weight. This total dose should be divided between two to three doses during the day.
In certain instances, children over the age of six and teenagers may be prescribed the total dose of 300 mg. This can be taken three times a day.
The total recommended dosage for adults is 300 mg. This should be taken in 100 mg doses three times a day.
If you forgot to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If your next scheduled dose is due soon, skip the dose that you missed. Do not take two doses together.
In the event of an overdose, call the nearest emergency medical services immediately.
The most common adverse effects that you may experience while taking Dilantin are:
Difficulty coordinating movements
Problems with swallowing
Difficulty controlling muscles
Some of the less common side effects that you may experience while taking this medication are:
Incapability of moving eyes
Tremors in limbs
Unsteadiness when moving or walking
Uncontrollable movements of face or limbs
Atypical facial expressions
In the event that you experience any of these adverse effects, you should contact your physician immediately.
Inform your physician if you are pregnant and have been prescribed this medication. Dilantin may be able to pass through breast milk and into your baby’s system. Do not take this medication if you are breast feeding.
Do not take this medication if you have experienced allergic reactions to phenytoin or medications that are similar to Dilantin.
Inform your physician if you have a history of liver problems or diabetes.
Tell your doctor if you have been diagnosed with depression or have a history of suicidal thoughts or behaviors.
If you have a history of alcohol dependency or consume large quantities of alcohol, inform your doctor before you are prescribed this medication.
Dilantin may reduce the effectiveness of oral contraceptives.
Inform your doctor of any medications, prescribed or over the counter, which you may be taking. Also tell your physician of any herbal supplements that you may be consuming.