There are certain things that should be learned about Valium that is taken to treat specific anxiety disorders. Besides, doctors prescribe it to treat such medical conditions as seizures, tremors, hallucinations, delirium and others if they are caused by alcohol withdrawal. You can take this medicine to treat seizures and muscle spasms when it comes to neurological diseases. Valium is a popular oral medication that belongs to a class of drugs called benzodiazepines, and it works by improving the effects of GABA in the brain, thus, regulating activities in it. Its use was approved more than 50 years ago.
Important Warnings and Adverse Effects
The most important thing is that the intake of Valium can lead to developing an addiction, especially when taking higher doses and for a long time. That’s why you may experience certain withdrawal symptoms after sudden discontinuation, such as the following:
- Vomiting and nausea;
- Sweating and lightheadedness;
- Fatigue and anxiety.
In the most serious cases of withdrawal some patients suffer from seizures, so the intake of Valium must be closely monitored by medical professionals. Moreover, there are certain side effects that may develop during this treatment, including the following:
- Loss of balance;
- Muscle spasms;
- Depression and confusion;
- Lack of enough sleep;
- Vision changes and speech issues.
Nowadays, you can find Valium in different forms, including oral solutions, injections, rectal gels and standard pills, and they all are available in diverse strengths. You also need to learn more about recommended doses that vary from one patient to another. This medicine can be taken with and without meals, and your regular dosage may be reduced if you have specific liver problems. Standard doses to treat seizures and anxiety include 2-10 mg taken a few times a day.
Risky Drug Combinations
You need to avoid alcoholic beverages and those meds that may cause sedation when taking Valium. There are other drugs that should be avoided to protect yourself from negative effects and serious symptoms, including Nizoral, Rapinex, Tagamet, Sporanox, Biaxin, Prozac, Luvox and so on. The effectiveness of this medicine can be compromised by such meds as Tegretol and Rifadin.
For pregnant and nursing women, this treatment should be avoided because of possible risks. Before you start it, ensure that you tell doctors everything about allergic reactions and medical history, especially if you have kidney and liver problems, breathing complications, glaucoma, drug and alcohol abuse, etc. Keep in mind that Valium can make you feel dizzy, so that you shouldn’t do anything that demands your full alertness. Finally, children and the elderly are exposed to a higher risk of developing side effects, so their doses are usually lower. Older patients may end up with certain mood and mental changes, too.